Diet for aggravation of the pancreas - what foods, menus, will help

Diet during exacerbation of the pancreas plays an important role in recovery. A diet that relieves the aggravation of the pancreas is prescribed by the attending physician.

In an acute phase, it is especially important to follow his instructions - this will minimize the risk of relapse and quickly relieve pain.

And if you follow directions like lifestyle, it can prevent pancreatic problems from getting worse in the future.

Diet during the exacerbation

In the event that pancreatitis worsens, it is recommended to eat sparingly for at least 12 months. Over such a long period of time, the functions of the abdominal organs are restored almost completely, and the human body gets used to proper nutrition. This regime avoids future relapses.

For the first time after worsening pancreatitis, the patient is shown diet No. 5, which has been agreed with the treating physician regarding the specificity and tolerability of certain products.

Nutritional aspects:

  • Exacerbation with pancreatitis Exacerbation with pancreatitis, which crushes food up to 6 times a day;
  • small amount of servings;
  • temporary intake between meals 3-4 hours;
  • warm food;
  • a small amount of salt.

Under no circumstances should you overeat. If an adult has exacerbated pancreatitis, hospitalization is the best solution. According to hospital criteria, the diet is strictly adhered to with the slightest eating disorder.

What to eat with an aggravated pancreas

Despite many limitations, the diet prescribed for a patient with pancreatitis varies widely. In particular, the diet contains protein, since its breakdown puts much less stress on the gland than the consumption of carbohydrates.

Lean meat and fish. This can be turkey, beef, chicken, or rabbit. When it comes to fishing, your best preference is for cod, carp, pike and pollock.

All products must be steamed or in the oven and served in soufflé, pasta, meatballs and balls, ie in chopped form.

eggs.The pancreas diet includes egg dishes, with the exception of fried eggs. A good choice is a steamed protein omelette. It is better to replace chicken eggs with quail, as the protein of the latter is much easier to digest.

Eggs

Milk products and fermented milk products.Cottage cheese, sour milk, kefir, sour cream and yogurt are included in the patient's diet according to the criteria of a low fat content (no more than 1-1, 5%). Curd cheese is acceptable if it is fresh or steamed in pudding form. All cow's milk with an aggravation of the pancreas is difficult for the body to digest. It is best to replace it with diluted or goat milk, which is hypoallergenic.

grain.It is recommended to include cooked oatmeal in the diet on the first day after the acute phase of the disease. Buckwheat, rice and semolina have a more beneficial effect on the stomach without the pancreatic organ reacting badly. In the case of bread, it is better to temporarily exclude all types of wheat from the menu or to exchange them for crackers or biscuits.

drinks.The normal function of the digestive tract is not possible without sufficient water. With pancreatitis, you need to use at least one and a half liters of clean water. Mineral water, jelly, decoctions of roses or bran, herbal teas have good therapeutic effects. It is very good for pancreatitis to drink chicory, which has a choleretic effect.

nuts and seeds.After a longer period of remission, walnuts, chestnuts or cashew nuts can be added to the diet. They contain a minimum of fiber and, in small amounts, do not increase the load on the gland.

What to exclude from the diet

In order to prevent the transition of acute pancreatitis into the acquired stage, a list of dietary restrictions must be drawn up for fear of foods that stimulate the active work of the pancreas and taking into account personal intolerance to foods prohibited by pancreatitis.

Products prohibited by pancreatitis

Completely exclude from the daily diet:

  • fatty meat, lard and some types of fish (mullet, salmon, catfish, carp, halibut) and caviar;
  • pork fat and lamb;
  • rye bread;
  • Meat by-products (sausages, rolls, sausages, sausages, etc. ) and sausages;
  • canned food, pickles, pickles;
  • ground spices, spices and spices;
  • some vegetables (radishes, rutabagas, radishes, onions and garlic as well as cabbage, mushrooms and legumes with a high solid fiber content);
  • sour fruits;
  • orange, lemon, tangerine and other citrus fruits;
  • candied fruits;
  • condensed milk;
  • sour cream, yogurt and cream;
  • carbonated drinks and coffee beverages;
  • Chocolate products, cakes, pastries, cakes, jams, caramel, candy and other sweets.
Products prohibited by pancreatitis

Tip! It is better to give up junk food (french fries, hot dogs), french fries, crackers, and salted nuts forever to avoid the disease from getting worse.

You should also limit your alcohol consumption (not only spirits, but also low-alcohol cocktails).

Alcohol can cause the Oddi sphincter to contract (a valve device that allows enzymes to move around the digestive tract, preventing the immediate release of digested foods).

After ingestion, the "hot" valve may not open in time, and the digestive juice becomes clogged in the ducts, which becomes a condition for aggravation of the attack and unpleasant consequences.

List of pancreatitis products

During the first 2-3 days of hunger and drinking, it is prescribed with a pronounced inflammatory process. The amount of water used, the frequency of administration and the volume of each serving used are determined by the doctor depending on the severity of the patient's condition. The approximate daily volume is 2. 5 liters.

Carbonated, fried or cold drinks are strongly recommended - the water temperature should be comfortable and not irritate the mucous membrane. If a sick woman can drink, there is no repeated vomiting, it is allowed:

  • alkaline mineral water in warm form without gas;
  • weak tea;
  • compotes;
  • jelly.

Take a few sips, but often.

If, due to the severity of the patient's condition, it is necessary to extend the drinking regimen for more than 3 days, when dyspeptic symptoms appear and treatment should be continued in a good therapeutic department, intravenous glucose and vitamins should be administered.

Estimated daily menu check

The raw food is not a suggestion. From the approved product, you can prepare a lot of spicy and necessary dishes. Before starting a balanced diet every day, you should consult your doctor and follow all his instructions.

However, if you cannot turn to a specialist, a sample menu will make this process easier, which includes all the products you need in acceptable doses and recommended times to take them.

1st breakfast (7: 00 a. m. - 7: 30 a. m. )semolina pudding

Your first breakfast should be light but nutritious to provide your body with the energy it needs. This can be slimy soup, semolina, quark casserole or rice porridge with fruits. Lovers of sweets will definitely like cottage cheese with jam. Drinks should be given with mineral water or weak tea (chamomile, mint or rose hips). Milk can be added to the tea.

Cottage cheese casserole

2nd breakfast (9: 00 a. m. - 9: 30 a. m. )Baked apple

Brunch includes light snacks to replenish your energy, so you can opt for a baked pear or an apple (skinless), enjoy fruit jelly, eat a small banana or have some yogurt.

Lunch (12. 00 - 12. 30 p. m. )Pearl barley soup with crackers

Regardless of your dietary restrictions, treating your pancreatitis should be the most comfortable dinner. You can make chopped pearl barley soup with crackers, potato potatoes (carrots), or potato pie. You can have lunch with compote or milk.

Afternoon snack (4: 00 p. m. - 4: 30 p. m. )Fruit mousse

Be sure to prepare an afternoon snack before dinner, which may include oatmeal jelly with dried bread, milk jelly, fruit mousse or cottage cheese.

Dinner (8: 00 p. m. - 8: 30 p. m. )Buckwheat

Serve buckwheat, semolina or rice, pasta with vegetables or fish meatballs with vegetable puree to avoid nutritional deficiencies. The property of the drink is a weak tea, which can be diluted with milk. The last item in your daily diet can be half a glass of low-fat kefir, which is better to drink before bed.

Tip! Do not salt food when cooking. It is allowed to add insignificant salt to the food only before serving, but its volume should not exceed 10 g per day.

The body needs time to recover from an exacerbation, since the pancreatitis diet is preferably followed by a long period (6 to 12 months), strictly following all the doctor's instructions and advice.

Recipes to streamline your diet

Potato balls with chicken

We need: potatoes, chicken breast, carrots, herbs, onions, vegetable oil.

Cook the chicken breast and minced meat or blender with boiled carrots and small onions.

Boil and mash the potatoes. We make a circle from mashed potatoes, to which we add small minced meat, form a ball. The balls are placed in the freezer for half an hour.

Potato balls with chicken

The frozen balls are placed in a water bath or oven. When baking in the oven, the balls should be placed in a form previously greased with a little vegetable oil. Preheat the oven to 220 ° C. Sprinkle with herbs when serving.

Pearl Grill

We need: some vegetable oil, a carrot, an onion, water (approx. 0. 5 l), a tomato.

Pour water into the pearl barley and cook until it boils for 45 minutes. Then drain off the excess water, add a drop of olive oil and leave it under the lid.

Fry the chopped onion with a tablespoon of vegetable oil, add the grated carrots and the finely chopped tomato and simmer over low heat for about 10 minutes. Pearl barley is passed through a blender, stewed vegetables are added, combined and left under the lid for another 5-6 minutes.

Homemade sausage

Take: 700 g chicken breast, 300 ml sour cream, 3 egg whites, a little salt, vegetables, if desired.

We cut open the raw breast and go through the blender until it is soft. Add protein, a little salt, and vegetables if needed.

Pour the chilled cream into the mixture and knead.

Separate the third part of the minced meat from the adjacent film, form a sausage and pull the edges with a thread. This is how we prepared three sausages. Boil the water in a large pan. After cooking, reduce the heat (so that the water does not boil, but maintains its temperature). We put the sausage in a saucepan and put it on the saucer so that it does not appear. Let cook for an hour. Take the removed pan out of the pan, refrigerate and remove the foil. Cut into slices and serve.

Diet after the disease has worsened

Dieting after outbreaks of pancreatitis helps somewhat. Nuts, seeds, pasta, butter, and other foods are gradually incorporated into the patient's diet. It should be the same as in the period of exacerbation of the disease, monitor the frequency of meals and a small portion size. You should eat every 3 hours to avoid mixing different types of fats, proteins, and carbohydrates in one meal.

After the acute symptoms of pancreatitis have been resolved and after a serious diet, the client should follow diet number 5. With pancreatitis that has begun to disturb the endocrine system, at least some sweet foods, including honey, are prohibited.

What to eat for pancreatitis when the symptoms of an aggravated manifestation of the disease have passed:

  • noodles;
  • dried bread;
  • oatmeal;
  • barley;
  • vegetable oils;
  • cooked or baked fruits and vegetables;
  • jelly and compotes;
  • lean meat and fish;
  • the freshest fermented milk products;
  • testicles;
  • butter.
What can you eat with pancreatitis

These diet foods are not suitable for occasional consumption. The oil should be consumed in small amounts with cereal flakes, vegetable stew, etc.

Protein should be prioritized when choosing grains in food. Soups and casseroles are prepared at the base. Fermented dairy products have a beneficial effect on the digestive tract. As with the variant with a severe form of the disease, cottage cheese, kefir and other fermented milk products should be fresh and low in fat when the disease disappears. You can drink weak teas, herbal teas, chicory.

To prevent the disease from getting worse again, the following is still prohibited:

  • Muffins and cakes
  • pickled, young, fatty, smoked products;
  • legumes;
  • alcohol;
  • fatty cheeses, sausages;
  • cream, cream;
  • onions, garlic, radishes, sorrel, rhubarb;
  • dates, figs;
  • grapes, sour apples, citrus fruits;
  • all sauces and spices;
  • soda.

A balanced diet for pancreatitis improves the human digestive system, including the pancreas. This will restore the organs evenly.

Household help in the event of an exacerbation

Helps with acute inflammation:

  • complete rest with kidney pain;
  • ice in the area of ​​inflammation (preferably a heating pad with cold water);
  • Hunger for at least 3 days.
If you completely avoid food during this time, the pancreas can calm down, stop the production of enzymes and, as it should, relieve the sharp, sometimes excruciating pain.

Only the following drinks and products are allowed in the first few days:

  • weak tea without sugar;
  • wild rose broth;
  • still mineral water;
  • In exceptional cases, cakes or biscuits can be eaten in small doses after hunger.